Constitutional Treaty in blue
Reform Treaty in red
8. The adoption of all EU legislation would be subject to the prior scrutiny of national Parliaments and the double approval of both national governments (in the Council of Ministers) and directly elected MEPs – a level of scrutiny that exists in no other international structure.
9. National parliaments would receive all EU proposals in good time to mandate their ministers before Council meetings and would also gain the right to object directly to draft legislation if they feel it goes beyond the EU’s remit.
CHANGED National parliaments will be given more time to review legislative proposals – 8 weeks rather than 6.
10. The European Parliament would elect the President of the Commission, on the basis of a proposal from the European Council.
11. A new budget procedure would require the approval of all EU expenditure by both the Council of Ministers and the European Parliament.
12. Any EU law or any action taken by EU institutions could be struck down by the courts if it fails to comply with the Charter of Fundamental Rights that was approved by all Member States in 2000.
CLARIFIED. The Charter of Fundamental Rights has been given legal force but will apply only to laws or actions by the EU institutions within the EU treaties. There is a specific exemption to say that it does not apply to the domestic law of the
13. The exercise of delegated powers by the Commission would be brought under a new system of joint supervision by the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers, enabling either of them to overturn Commission measures to which they object.
14. When acting on legislation, the Council of Ministers would meet in public.